Etizolam

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Etizolam (marketed under many brand names) is a thienodiazepine derivative which is a benzodiazepine analog. The etizolam molecule differs from a benzodiazepine in that the benzene ring has been replaced by a thiophene ring and triazole ring has been fused, making the drug a thienotriazolodiazepine. It possesses amnesic, anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, hypnotic, sedative and skeletal muscle relaxant properties.

Synonyms:乙噻二氮卓;乙替唑仑;噻吩唑仑;Etizest;Depas;AHR-3129;Y-7131
CAS:40054-69-1
Formula:C17H15ClN4S
Molecular weight:342.07 g/mol
Compound purity:≥98%
IUPAC:4-(o-Chlorophenyl)-2-ethyl-9-methyl-6H-thieno(3,2-f)-s-triazolo(4,3-a)(1,4)diazepine

Pharmacological effects

Etizolam has strong sedative, hypnotic and anti-anxiety effects, as well as mild antidepressant effects. The effect is 5-6 times stronger than Diazepam. The sleep brainwave display can significantly extend the total sleep time, has no effect on slow-wave sleep, and can inhibit rapid eye movement sleep without rapid eye movement rebound. Healthy people take the oral administration well, reaching the peak plasma concentration after 3h, and t1/2 is about 6h. No accumulation was seen after repeated administration. It is mainly metabolized in the liver. The metabolites are hydroxy compounds, dihydroxy compounds and glucuronic acid compounds, which are mainly excreted in feces.

Purpose

Etizolam is used for anxiety, tension, depression, neurasthenia symptoms and physical and mental diseases (hypertension, gastric and duodenal ulcers), cervical spondylosis, low back pain, muscle contraction headaches in neurosis and depression Anxiety, nervousness, depression and sleep disorders caused by the above diseases.

Adverse Reactions

Occasionally, breathing difficulties, palpitations, decreased blood pressure, thirst, nausea, belching, loss of appetite, constipation, diarrhea, fatigue, weakness, muscle relaxation, sweating, dysuria, if you see rash, urticaria Wait, the drug should be discontinued. Rarely, edema, nasal congestion, and elevated AST and ALT are rare. Patients with schizophrenia may experience irritation, confusion, drowsiness, dizziness, headache, heavy head, unsteady gait, speech disorder, insomnia and tincture after medication. Excitement, anxiety, tremor, foggy vision are rare. If the dose is reduced sharply or the drug is stopped abruptly during the course, withdrawal symptoms such as delirium, tremor, insomnia, anxiety, hallucinations, and delusions may occasionally be seen. Seizures are rare.
 
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